A brief description of each variety links to a standard plant description. These profiles will be expanded as we learn more about these varieties and their response to different climatic stresses in different regions of Canada.
Banana potatoes are a late maturing yellow-fleshed variety, with many small banana shaped tubers. They have been grown in British Columbia for at least 90 years and are widely available as seed potatoes.
Chieftain is a mid-season variety with red-skin and white flesh. It was bred in Iowa in 1957, and is widely planted in Canada. It is widely adapted with relatively high yields.
A deep blue fleshed potato with unknown origins. It is closely related to a number of Canadian Heritage varieties, including British Columbia Blue, McIntosh Blue, River John Blue, and Sharon’s Blue.
Corne de Mouton
Corne de Mouton is a fingerling variety with creamy yellow flesh. Its origins are either in France or Denmark, possibly as early as 1872.
Likely, British Columbia lends its name to this fingerling potato. This potato survived many years outside of cultivation on the shores of Quesnel Lake, originally brought their by Russian fur traders. They were passed on to First Nations people who eventually passed them on to placer gold panners.
Mrs. Moehrle’s Yellow
One of the high-yielding stars of Garrett Pittenger’s heritage potato collection.
The Ozette-Nootka potato is likely the descendent of a potato planted in Nootka Sound on Vancouver Island as early as 1791. Unlike most other potatoes grown in North America today, which arrived from potatoes grown in Europe, the Ozette-Nootka was brought directly from South America by Spanish settlers.
A purple potato from Nova Scotia, named after Elizabeth Pugh.
A late-maturing, blue fleshed potato with dark purple skin which is reported to be a heritage variety from Russia.
A late variety with red skin and white flesh.
Sieglinde is a yellow-fleshed variety that originated in Germany or Austria.
A crescent shaped fingerling potato with pale yellow to white flesh.
Twelve potato varieties were grown for the Crop-Climate Project in 2012. Key characteristics of these potatoes are found in the following table.
|Banana||late||light yellow||pale yellow||banana|
|Chieftain||mid-season||red||white||oval to oblong|
|Congo||late||blue||blue||long to oval|
|Corne de Mouton||early to mid-season||white to yellow||creamy yellow||oval to very long|
|Mrs. Moehrle's Yellow||mid-season||tan||yellow||round|
|Ozette||late||pale gold||creamy yellow||fingerling|
|Pugh's Purple||mid-season||light purple||purple||long oval|
|Russian Blue||late||dark purple||blue||round to oblong|
|Siberian||very late||white||red||round to oval|
|Sieglinde||early||clear yellow||pale yellow||oval to round|
|Slovenian Crescent||early||pale yellow to white||pale yellow brown to pale brown||crescent|